틀:Coord/doc

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Quick guide

틀:Coord how-to

Purpose

틀:Tlf provides a standard notation for encoding locations by their latitude and longitude coordinates. It is primarily for specifying the WGS84 geographic coordinates of locations on Earth, at the same time emitting a machine-readable Geo microformat. However, it can also encode locations on natural satellites, dwarf planets, and planets other than Earth.

See also Wikipedia:WikiProject Geographical coordinates.

Features

Latitude and longitude may be specified (with appropriate precision) either in decimal notation or as degrees/minutes/seconds. By default, coordinates appear in the format used to specify them. However, the format= parameter can be used to force display in a particular format. The template also accepts and displays coordinates formatted as degrees and decimal minutes as found on charts and maritime references.

The template displays the formatted coordinates with a hyperlink to GeoHack. GeoHack displays information customized to the location, including links to external mapping services.

For terrestrial locations, a blue globe (Erioll world.svg) appears to the left of the hyperlink. Clicking on the globe activates the WikiMiniAtlas (requires JavaScript).

By default, coordinates appear "in line" with the adjacent text. However, the display= parameter can be used to move the coordinates up near the page title (in desktop view only; title coordinates do not display in mobile view)—or display them in both places at once.

The template outputs coordinates in three formats:

  • Degree/minutes/seconds ("DMS", precision is degrees, or degrees/minutes, or degrees/minutes/seconds, based on input precision).
  • Decimal degrees (varying the number of decimal places based on input precision)
  • A machine readable Geo microformat.

Additional features

  • Logged-in users can customize how coordinates appear in their browsers.
  • You can get coordinates from Wikidata by transcluding this template without any numbered arguments.
  • You can extract information from the Coord template for use in mathematical expressions. For details, see Module:Coordinates.
  • All coordinates used in a page through this template are registered in the geosearch API. If a coordinate is using title display, then these coordinates will be marked as the primary coordinates with regards to the page and therefor the topic of that page.

Caveats

The template must not be modified without prior discussion. External tools can depend on the format of both the wikitext and/or the generated html.

Usage

{{coord|latitude|longitude|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|N/S|dd|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|mm|N/S|dd|mm|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|mm|ss|N/S|dd|mm|ss|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}

The hemisphere identifiers (N/S) and (E/W), if used, must be adjacent to the enclosing pipe "|" characters, and cannot be preceded or succeeded by spaces.

There are two kinds of parameters, all optional:

  • Coordinate parameters are parameters that {{Coord}} passes to the map server. These have the format parameter:value and are separated from each other by the underscore character ( _ ). The supported coordinate parameters are dim:, globe:, region:, scale:, source:, and type:. See coordinate parameters for details and examples.
  • Template parameters are parameters used by the {{Coord}} template. These have format parameter=value and are separated from each other by the pipe character ( | ). The supported template parameters are display=, format=, name=, and notes=.
  • display= can be one of the following:
  • display=inline – Display the coordinate inline (default)
  • display=title – Display the coordinate at the top of the article, beside the article's title (replaces {{coor title dms}} family; coordinates are displayed in desktop view only; title coordinates do not display in mobile view)
    • shortcut: display=t
  • display=inline,title – Display the coordinate both inline and beside the article's title (replaces {{coor at dms}} family)
    • shortcut: display=it
  • display=title,inline has the same effect as display=inline,title
Note: the title attribute indicates that the coordinates apply to the entire article, and not just one of (perhaps many) places mentioned in it—so it should only be omitted in the latter case. Additionally the title option will mark the coordinates as the primary coordinates for the page (and topic of the page) in the geosearch API.
  • format= can be used to force dec or dms coordinate display.
  • format=dec reformats the coordinates to decimal degrees format.
  • format=dms reformats the coordinates to degrees | minutes | seconds format.
  • name= can be used to annotate inline coordinates for display in map services such as the WikiMiniAtlas. If omitted, the article's title (PAGENAME) is assumed.
Note: a name= parameter causes {{Coord}} to emit an hCard microformat using that name, even if used within an existing hCard. Do not use when the name is that of a person (e.g for a gravesite), as the generated hCard would be invalid. Also, do not use square brackets in names.
  • notes= specifies text to be displayed immediately following the coordinates. This is primarily intended for adding footnotes to coordinates displayed beside the title.
  • qid= specify Q item to display the coordinates of. Used primarily by Wikidata powered infoboxes.

Helper functions

Helper functions are available to manipulate the output from {{Coord}} when it appears in a container template such as an infobox.

To extract the latitude from a Coord template

Use:

{{#invoke:coordinates|coord2text|{{Coord|57|18|22|N|4|27|32|E}}|lat}} → 57.30611

and similarly to extract the longitude, use:

{{#invoke:coordinates|coord2text|{{Coord|57|18|22|N|4|27|32|E}}|long}} → 4.45889

Note: this method removes the microformat markup, and should not be used inside templates which emit parent microformats, such as infoboxes or table-row templates.

Displaying all coordinate links on one map

The template {{GeoGroup}} can be used in an article with coordinates. This template creates links to mapping services which display all the coordinates on a single map, and links to other services which allow the coordinates to be used or downloaded in a variety of formats.

Examples

{{coord|43.651234|-79.383333}} 43°39′04″N 79°23′00″W / 43.651234°N 79.383333°W / 43.651234; -79.383333
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Toronto – Fully decimal – western hemisphere implied by negation
{{coord|43.65|-79.38}} 43°39′N 79°23′W / 43.65°N 79.38°W / 43.65; -79.38
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Toronto – low precision decimal
{{coord|43.6500|-79.3800}} 43°39′00″N 79°22′48″W / 43.6500°N 79.3800°W / 43.6500; -79.3800
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Toronto – medium precision decimal with trailing zeroes
{{coord|43.653500|N|79.384000|W}} 43°39′13″N 79°23′02″W / 43.653500°N 79.384000°W / 43.653500; -79.384000
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Toronto – high precision decimal with explicit hemisphere notation
{{coord|43|29|N|79|23|W}} 43°29′N 79°23′W / 43.483°N 79.383°W / 43.483; -79.383
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Toronto – degrees & minutes
{{coord|43|29|13|N|79|23|02|W}} 43°29′4″N 79°23′0″W / 43.48444°N 79.38333°W / 43.48444; -79.38333
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Toronto – degrees, minutes & seconds
{{coord|43|29|12.6|N|79|23|02.4|W}} 43°29′12.6″N 79°23′02.4″W / 43.486833°N 79.384000°W / 43.486833; -79.384000
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Toronto – degrees, minutes, seconds & fractions of seconds
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E}} 55°45′08″N 37°36′56″E / 55.752222°N 37.615556°E / 55.752222; 37.615556
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Moscow – N & E
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E|format=dms}} 55°45′08″N 37°36′56″E / 55.752222°N 37.615556°E / 55.752222; 37.615556
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Convert to dms format
{{coord|39.098095|-94.587307|format=dms}} 39°05′53″N 94°35′14″W / 39.098095°N 94.587307°W / 39.098095; -94.587307
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Decimal conversion without N/S/E/W
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E|format=dec|name=Moscow}} 55°45′08″N 37°36′56″E / 55.752222°N 37.615556°E / 55.752222; 37.615556 (Moscow)
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Convert to decimal and label on some maps
{{coord|33|55|S|18|25|E}} 33°55′S 18°25′E / 33.917°S 18.417°E / -33.917; 18.417
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Cape Town – S & E
{{coord|35|00|N|105|00|E}} 35°00′N 105°00′E / 35.000°N 105.000°E / 35.000; 105.000
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


People's Republic of China
{{coord|22|54|30|S|43|14|37|W}} 22°54′30″S 43°14′37″W / 22.90833°S 43.24361°W / -22.90833; -43.24361
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Rio – S & W
{{coord|22|S|43|W}} 22°S 43°W / 22°S 43°W / -22; -43
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


A degree confluence.
{{coord|52|28|N|1|55|W|region:GB_type:city|notes=<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fallingrain.com/world/UK/0/Birmingham.html|title=Birmingham}}</ref>|display=inline,title}} 52°28′N 1°55′W / 52.467°N 1.917°W / 52.467; -1.917[1]Coordinates: 52°28′N 1°55′W / 52.467°N 1.917°W / 52.467; -1.917[1]
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Birmingham – with display, notes, and parameter settings; note that these coordinates are also displayed at the top of this page.
{{coord|51|25.813|N|0|43.945|E}} 51°25.813′N 0°43.945′E / 51.430217°N 0.732417°E / 51.430217; 0.732417
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Navigation buoy in the River Medway, England.
{{coord|51|36.287|N|8|32.018|W}} 51°36.287′N 8°32.018′W / 51.604783°N 8.533633°W / 51.604783; -8.533633
치명적인 오류: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Lighthouse at the Old Head of Kinsale as defined by the Commissioners of Irish Lights.

References

Coordinate parameters

The first unnamed parameter following the longitude is an optional string of coordinate parameters, separated by underscores. These parameters help GeoHack select suitable map resources, and they will become more important when Wikimaps becomes fully functional.

type:T

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:WikiProject_Geographical_coordinates/type:?action=render 틀을 가져오는 데 실패했습니다: HTTP 404]

scale:N

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:WikiProject_Geographical_coordinates/scale:?action=render 틀을 가져오는 데 실패했습니다: HTTP 404]

dim:D

틀:Coord-doc-dim

region:R

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:WikiProject_Geographical_coordinates/region:?action=render 틀을 가져오는 데 실패했습니다: HTTP 404]

globe:G

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:WikiProject_Geographical_coordinates/globe:?action=render 틀을 가져오는 데 실패했습니다: HTTP 404]

source:S

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:WikiProject_Geographical_coordinates/source:?action=render 틀을 가져오는 데 실패했습니다: HTTP 404]

Per-user display customization

틀:UF-coord-classes

Incorrect uses and maintenance categories

The template has some input checks built in. Most errors display a bold, red message inline and categorize the article in the hidden maintenance category Pages with malformed coordinate tags. There are currently 0 pages in that category. See the category description for further instructions.

A more thorough daily report of coordinates needing repair is at tools:~dispenser/view/File viewer#log:coord-enwiki.log.

See also: WT:GEO#To do

Internals

This template is completely powered by the Lua module 틀:Tlm.

Class names

The class names geo, latitude and longitude are used to generate the microformat and MUST NOT be changed.

History

This template used to use a lot of sub templates but these have all been replaced by 틀:Tlm.

Template Data

This template uses overloading which does not work well with the VisualEditor/TemplateData. Consider using "Edit source" instead of the visual editor until this defect is corrected. To facilitate visual editing in the meantime, consider using {{coordDec}} for signed decimal degrees, {{coordDMS}} when degrees minutes and seconds are specified, and {{coordDM}} when just degrees and minutes are given.

틀:TemplateData header

Encodes the latitude and longitude coordinates of a location, provides a link to map of the location. This template does not work well with the Visual Editor, consider using {{coordDec}} for signed decimal degrees, {{coordDMS}} when degrees minutes and seconds are specified {{coordDM}} when only degrees and minutes are specified. To use this template you will need to use positional parameter following one of these schemes: {{coord | D | M | S | NS | D | M | S | EW | geo | opts}}, {{coord | D | M | NS | D | M | EW | geo | opts}}, {{coord | D| NS | D| EW | geo | opts}} {{coord | sD | sD | geo | opts}} where D is degrees, M is minutes, S seconds, sD signed decimal degrees, NS is N or S, EW is E or W, opts are named parameter and geo are the coordinate parameters described on the main doc page.

틀 변수

변수설명형식상태
11

Either degrees latitude or a signed decimal degrees latitude

숫자제안
22

Either: minutes latitude, signed decimal degrees longitude or 'N' or 'S'.

문자열제안
33

Either: second latitude, degrees longitude, 'N' or 'S' or GeoHack parameters

문자열선택 사항
44

Either: degrees longitude, 'N', 'S', 'E' or 'W' or GeoHack parameters

문자열선택 사항
55

Either: degrees longitude, minutes longitude or GeoHack parameters

문자열선택 사항
66

Either: minutes longitude, 'E' or 'W' or GeoHack parameters

문자열선택 사항
77

Either second longitude, or GeoHack parameters

문자열선택 사항
88

'E' or 'W'.

문자열선택 사항
99

GeoHack parameters. Example: dim:30_region:US-WI_type:event

문자열선택 사항
Wikidata itemqid

Retrieve coordinates from a WikiData entry instead of from this template's parameters

예시
Q513
짧은 문구선택 사항
Displaydisplay

Where it is displayed. Can be one of: 'inline' in the body of the article, 'title' at the top of the article or 'inline,title' both

기본값
inline
짧은 문구제안
Namename

a label to place on maps (default is PAGENAME)

문자열선택 사항
Notesnotes

text displayed immediately following the coordinates

문자열선택 사항
Formatformat

How the coordinates are displayed, either 'dec' or 'dms'

짧은 문구선택 사항
Geosearchnosave

Set to 'true' if you want to avoid this coordinate to be registered in the geosearch API.

문자열선택 사항

See also